The Secret To Showing Your Readers How To 'Put It All Together'

Synthesizing text is when readers "put it all together" to move from literal understandings to inferential understandings. This takes practice and breaking it down into more manageable tasks so young readers can see the process of synthesis in action. Young readers must see their changing thinking as a signal of understanding and comprehending a text.

As readers learn how to monitor their comprehension they must take their thinking to another level. Your readers must see how their thinking moves from literal understandings to reflective thinking that evolves into inferential understanding about the text.

A proficient reader's thinking grows and develops as they gather new information in the text as they read. This is called synthesizing text.

Because reading is such a complex process with so many moving parts, it's important to make the process of synthesizing visible.

This concept is best represented like ripples in a pond or puddle. The rock hitting the water is the reader's initial thinking and that creates ripples. As a reader reads and gathers new information in the text the ripples grow larger.

This is the best way to illustrate the concept of synthesis and show your young readers how their thinking will grow, change and evolve.

Readers need to see how this process of synthesis works to help build comprehension and understanding about a text. When this piece of the process is made visible for young readers, they will be able to see how all the moving pieces (strategies and skills) work together.

Key Teaching Points for Synthesizing Text

There are several key teaching points that need to be broken down over more than several minilessons. Readers need time and practice to recognize how their thinking evolves and changes.

Readers monitor the overall meaning of a text as they read and understand how their thinking grows. Readers must notice and interact with the conversation they are having with the text while they read independently.

Readers must become aware of how their thinking evolves as they continue reading and gathering new information.

Readers must see this change in their thinking as the synthesis of the text that leads to a better interpretation and understanding.

Readers must also understand that their thinking may be different than their classmates and that is okay as long as they can back their thinking with text evidence.

Readers extend their literal thinking to inferential thinking. When readers see that their thinking grows and evolves over time, they must also understand that when new ideas are introduced or discovered within discussions and rereadings, their thinking may evolve even more.

This synthesis of a text will guide readers to respond with analysis either in book discussions or in longer written responses.

Teaching young readers the signals of synthesis will guide young readers to look for details to support their text interpretations.

Until next time,

The notebook inserts and student pages pictured above can be found within this collection of minilessons.


Here at Literacy Treasures, I LOVE to talk about reading and writing and share with teachers all that I've learned about what it takes to build strong readers and writers. I have immersed myself in the research of Lucy Calkins, Jennifer Serravallo, Stephanie Harvey, Debbie Miller, Carl Anderson, Gay Su Pinnell, Irene Fountas and so many others.  Every resource, strategy, tool, minilesson and teaching tip that is shared on Literacy Treasures is rooted in this research